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Flying circus of physics

Index R

Thursday, December 04, 2008

Index R

red number --- takes you to an archived story here at this web site, complete with video links and journal citations. Once there, scroll down or use Ctrl-F to search.

blue number --- takes you to a PDF file of support material (video links and journal citations) for the stories published in the book. Once there, scroll down or use Ctrl-F to search.

R

Rabbit hole, Alice in Wonderland, 1.141
Race cars
       dragster starts, 1.151
       dragster tire, severe distortion, 1.151
       pit stop sparking, and fires, 5.95.9
       sling shot pass (Junior Johnson), 2.2
       slip streaming and drafting, 2.2
       sparking danger while fueling, 5.9, 5.9
       turns, 1.15
       upside down racing, 2.1, 2.1

Racquetball,
       zing echo, 3.77
       Z shot, 1.77

Radiation (nuclear and cosmic)
       banana, potato, potassium-40, 4.101
       cosmic radiation, 7.46
       polar route exposure, 7.46
       visual sensations from cosmic rays, 7.46, 5.17

Radiation, thermal
       animals huddling, 4.4, 4.4
       bees killing hornet, 4.3, 4.3
       beetles detecting forest fires, 4.2
       rattlesnakes, 4.1, 4.1
       water frozen by sky, 4.13
Radioactive gun sights, 6.161
Radiometer toys, 4.91, 4.91

Railroad
        aerodynamics, passing trains, tunnels,
2.3
        head-on collision, 1.13
        hunting (swaying),
1.182
        jackknifing,
1.72
        sonic boom from tunnel, 3.55
        tanker collapse, air pressure, 4.54
        track crossing accidents, 7.59
        train size illusion, danger of, 7.59
        train surfing,
1.199
Rain calming ocean waves, 2.133
Rain harvesting, lizard,
2.82

Rain runoff system, powerful geysers, 2.163
Rain, walk or run, to reduce wetting, 1.1, 1.1

Rainbow pouring, pub drinks, 2.187
Rainbows
        artificial bows, 6.3
        first and second order, 6.1, 6.1
        fog bow, 6.2
        moonbow, 6.2, 6.2
        red bow, 6.2
        reflection bow, 6.2
        searchlight bow, 6.3
        shotgun rainbows, 6.1
        single drop of water, 6.2
        third and fourth order, 6.1
        vertical bow, 6.2
        white bow, 6.2
Raisin in champagne,  pub trick, 2.177
Raki, pub trick, color shift in aniseed-based alcoholic drinks, 6.113

Random-dot patterns illusions, 7.29, 7.30

Rattenberg, Austria, midwinter illumination by mirrors, 6.82
Rattleback toy, 1.109, 1.109

Rattlesnake, infrared detection by, even after death, 4.1, 4.1
Rayleigh-Taylor instability, 2.143
Rayleigh waves, St. Paul's Cathedral whispering gallery, 3.63
Rays of Buddha (bright and dark shafts across sky), 6.15
Razorbacks, Martian and kitchen, 5.53
Razor blades
       floating, 2.85
       reflections, shiny becomes black, 6.69
       shadow in water, 6.99

Reading in the dark, 7.15, 7.15

Rear-end collision, 1.11
Rear-view mirrors, car, switching between day and night, 6.73

Recoil, rifle and gun, 1.168
Records, vinyl, reflection pattern, 6.107
Red Bull pub trick, 2.120
Red-eye effect in photographs, 7.17
Reflection, light waves
        Archimedes death ray, 6.81
        airplane windows, 6.79
        air traffic controller window, 6.63
        art, 
6.75
        crown flash (reflection by cloud ice crystals), 6.27
        diamonds, 6.94
        glitter paths on water, low Sun or Moon, 6.39
        glare off printed page, 6.160
        graveyard, 6.83
        haloes, atmospheric, 6.34
        heiligenschein, bright outline of shadow, 6.44
        loops on water surface, 6.40
        mirrors
                Bar at the Folies-Bergere, 6.75, 6.75
                headless woman illusion, 6.62
                illumination of town in midwinter darkness, 6.82
                laser shoot out game, 6.67
                maze, 6.66,
6.66
                multiple mirrors
                      clothing store arrangement, 6.64
                      kaleidoscope, 6.65
                      maze or labyrinth, 6.666.66
                one-way, 6.72
                orbiting, shining on ground, 6.81, 6.82
                Pepper's ghost, 6.62
                prank,
6.60
                rear-view, vehicle, 6.73, 6.73
                side-view, vehicle blind spot, 6.73, 6.73
                stage mirror orientation, 6.61
                sunlight death, Arthur C. Clarke story, 6.82
                wooden,
6.165
        multiple glass panes, 6.79
        museum glass, elimination of reflection glare, 6.88
        razor blades, shiny turns to dark, 6.69
        retroreflectors, 6.70, 6.71
        reversal of image, 6.60, 6.60
        shadows on water, spokes, 6.41
        sun dogs, 6.34
        tree decoration, 6.68
        vehicle mirror blind spots, 6.74,
6.74
        vinyl record reflection pattern, 6.107
        wet road darkness, 6.52
Reflection, sound waves
        culvert whistlers, 3.77
        echoes, 3.64, 3.65, 3.65
        retroreflector, 3.25, 3.64
        Saint Paul's Cathedral, 3.63
        Slinky whistlers, 3.78
        shower singing, 3.67
        sound mirrors,
              bats, 3.24
3.24
              World War I, airplane detection, 3.85
        whispering galleries, 3.62
        tones, 3.17

Reflection, water waves
        ocean wave reflections, 6.150
Refraction, light waves
        Also see Mirage
        airplane shock front, 6.100,
6.100
        bath tub physics, 6.85
        coin trick, 6.84
        diamonds, 6.94
        firnspiegel, 6.54
        fish and fishermen, 6.84, 6.84, 6.85, 6.85
        fleeting dark shadows, 6.32
        halo, atmospheric, 6.34
        ice lens, 6.93
        magic trick, 6.89, 6.89
        moonbows,
6.2
        rainbows, 6.1, 6.1
        road bent by, 6.91
        shadows on bottom of water pool, 6.41
        snow sparkles, 6.54
        urban mirage, 6.28,
6.28
        water walking trick, 6.89
Refraction, sound waves
        elephant calls, 3.10
        long distance sound, 3.18
             distant train
             hopping sound waves (Mount St. Helens explosion)
             World War I mine explosions
        submarine sound channel, 3.20
Relativistic length contraction,
6.162
        video, calculations
Renaissance art, 6.76

Resonance
        Also see Music
        bottle, blown across top, 3.41
        bridge cable oscillations, wind-induced, 2.129
        coffee cup, frequency shift when stirring in powder, 3.40
        corrugated tubes, 3.39
        cricket playing a burrow, 3.13
        dinosaur sounds, 3.9, 3.9
        drum, hearing the shape of, 3.73
        frog playing a tree, 3.13
        jar, noise when filling, 3.46
        pendulums
              bell that would not ring, 1.121
              building oscillations, 1.133
              coupled pendulums, 1.119
              incense swing, 1.114, 1.114
              inverted pendulum, 1.116
              pumping playground swing, 1.113
              spring pendulum, 1.120
              suspended pocket watch begins to swing, 1.180
              unicycle rider, 1.116
              Wilberforce pendulum, 1.150
        plumbing rumbling, 3.17
        purring and roaring, 3.8
        sand bar, ocean waves, 2.132
        silo honking, 3.38
        snoring, 3.7
        speaking and singing, 3.43.4
               helium effects, 3.5
        Tacoma Narrows Bridge oscillation and collapse, 2.4, 2.4
        throat singing, 3.6
        transmission line galloping, 3.2
        wineglass rubbing, 3.43, 3.43
        wineglass shattering with voice, 3.44, 3.44
Respiratory sounds, 3.32

Restaurant, physics in
        See also
Pub physics and Food
        baked Alaska, 4.98
        balancing a wobbly table, 1.268
        cereal noise (Rice Krispies),
3.53, 3.53
        coffee
              bad coffee appearance,
2.87
              cooling rate, 4.60
              cup vortex when milk is added, 2.24  
              drinking hot coffee,
4.42
              mug acoustics, 3.40
              patterns on surface, 2.90
              percolators, 4.51
              sloshing, controlling, 2.199
              stain patterns, 2.91, 2.91
        cookie dunking, proper way, 2.95
        eggs standing on end, 1.138, 1.138
               video of me, Cleveland State University
        hot chocolate effect, frequency-shifting acoustics, 
3.40
              video of me, Cleveland State University
        inflating long sandwich bag, 2.174
        ketchup
             flow, viscosity, non-Newtonian,
2.58
             pack as Cartesian diver, 2.172
        meringue,
             formation,
5.36
             insulation, 4.98
        pizza
              eating hot,
4.42
              tossing, 1.222
        popping plastic straw, 3.93
        raisin trick, 2.177
        self-pouring teapot, 2.198
        soup reversal after stirring,
2.59
        spaghetti effect, slurping, 1.222, 1.222
              video of me, The Daily Planet show
        tea 
              leaves collecting at cup's center,
2.25
              roll patterns in, 2.90
              secondary flow, 2.90
        tortilla sounds, fresh versus old, 3.52
Retinal detachment
        bungee jumping,
1.11
        headbanging, 1.11
        high deceleration, 1.11
Retroreflector
 
       acoustical
               bat finding a flower,
3.25
               echoes
                    ancient structures,
3.653.65, 3.66, 3.66
                    fences, 3.65
                    forest groves, 3.64
                    stairs, 3.65, 3.65
                    walls, 3.64

        optical
                removing distortion in an image,
6.70
                roadway signs, 6.70
                World War II airplane guidance behind enemy lines, 6.71

Reynolds ridge, monolayer on moving water, 2.148

Rhino-optical visual effect, nose blocking view, 7.21

Ribboning, liquid, 2.62

Rice Krispies, snap-crackle-pop sounds, 3.53, 3.53
Rice, lifting with a rod, 2.125, 2.125
         video of me, The Daily Planet show
Richards, Frank "Cannonball," catching a cannonball in stomach, 1.46
Rifle sighting with pinhole, 7.33
Rime ice, 4.19

Ring hitch, knot physics 1.223
Ring vortex
         air cannon, 2.40, 2.40
         dolphin play, 2.40
         explosions, 2.40
         interactions, 2.40

Rings in mirrors, colored, 6.110

Rings of light in reflections off outdoor water surfaces, 6.40

Ripples along icicle, 4.17, 4.17
Ripples in sky, 6.146

River
      crash
landing airplane on the Hudson River, 1.218
      erosion, 1.194
      meander, 2.26, 2.26
     
oxbow lake formation, 2.26
      secondary flow, 2.26, 2.26

Road
      bumps, 1.185, 1.185
      corrugation, 1.185, 1.185
      dark when wet, 6.52
      mirage of water on road, 6.28, 6.28
      music from road noise, 3.88
Roaring, 3.8, 3.10

Robbie Maddison, upward motorcycle jump, 1.81
Robots, wall-climbing, 5.54
Rochester Institute of Technology stairway illusion, 1.258
Rock art, echoes near, 3.66, 3.66

Rock climbing
       big horn sheep, 1.61
       chimney climb, 1.60, 1.60
       clinging by fingers, 1.243
       fall factor, 1.60

Rockets,
       fire extinguisher (fake video), 1.168
       matchstick, 1.168
       sled, 1.11
       shock wave, 3.54
       Stapp, John, 1.11
Rockfalls
        air blast, 3.58
        seismic waves, 2.116
        sorting of rocks, 2.116, 2.116

Rod-climbing fluids, 2.61

Rodeo
        bull riding, 1.92, 1.92
        bullwhip, sonic boom, 3.59
        lassos, 1.84
Rodgers and Hart, songwriters, Blue Moon, 6.50
Rod stacking, circus, 1.238
Rogue waves, 2.64, 2.64

Roller coasters, 1.19, 1.19
        scariest car
        vertical
Roller derby, whip move, 1.231
Rolling wheel image, 1.247
Rope twirling, lassos, 1.84
Rossini, G., overture, played with road noise, 3.88
Rotor, amusement park rotating vertical cylinder, 1.19

Rotor, notched stick toy, 1.161, 1.161
Rotating snakes illusion, 7.13
Rotation sequence, the order matters, 1.103
Rover, Martian tumbleweed, 2.186
Rower, Holton, poured art, 2.188
Royle's self-pouring teapot, 2.198
Rubber bands
           entropy changes and force,  4.94
           heating and cooling, 4.86
           machine motion, 4.86
           sounds, 3.33
Rude noises, 3.90
Rugby, 1.24
Running, Groucho,
1.259
Running or walking on water,
           Criss Angel magic act, 
6.89
           liquid mountaineering (fake video), 2.169 
           lizards,
2.42, 2.58, 2.169
           water and corn starch slurry, 2.58
           water striders, 2.80, 2.85, 2.169

Run-outs, landslide mystery, 2.115
Russell, John Scott, solitary waves, 2.31
Russian style leverage, 1.261

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