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Flying circus of physics

Index C

Thursday, December 04, 2008

Index C

Extended Index

The Flying Circus of Physics,

second edition


red number --- takes you to an archived story here at this web site,
complete with video links and journal citations. Once there, scroll
down or use Ctrl-F to search. 
   

blue number--- takes you to a PDF file of support material (video
links and journal citations) for the stories published in the book.
Once there, scroll down or use Ctrl-F to search. 

C

Cable aerodynamics, wind-induced oscillations, 2.129

Cabin pressure, loss of due to window puncture, 2.158
Caddis flies, attracted by polarized light from windows, 6.126
Caesar, Julius, escape from Egyptian army, 2.165
Café wall illusion, 2.58
Cain, Michael, The Italian Job move, bus balanced on cliff edge, 1.216
Cakes, high-altitude recipes for making, 4.71

Camels
        jumping over conest, 1.38 
        thrown in collisions with vehicles, 1.215
Camera
       pinhole, 6.102
       pinspeck (opposite of pinhole), 6.102
Campbell, Glenn, Wichita Lineman, wind-induced musical oscillations telephone lines, 3.2
Campfire smoke, color depends on viewing angle, 6.112

Camphor boats, 2.150

Can, tilted and falling produces rotation, 1.110
Canal effect, water-line dip as boat moves along canal, 2.30, 2.30

Candle flame, 4.78
        blue and yellow emissions, 4.78
        glow around, diffraction, 7.6
        relighting after extinguishing, pub trick, 4.78

Canoe emptying by sloshing, 2.199
Cannonball Richards, stopping cannonball with stomach, 1.46

Capacitor, hospital gurney, fire, 5.16, 5.16
Car
        antenna oscillations, 1.183
        balance of 3 wheeled car, 1.239
        balloon motion during turning, 2.131
              video of me, The Daily Planet show
        bird droppings (poop) and surface tension, 2.98
        blind spots, vehicle mirrors, 6.74, 6.74
        braking, 1.7, 1.8, 1.9
        bus clearance in a turn, 1.153
        camel, collisions with, 1.2151.215
        Chaparal 2J, early racecar with ground effect, 2.1
        children dying in closed cars, 4.84
        collisions,
               head-on, 1.12, 1.12
               icy roads, 1.202
               rear-end, 1.14
               shops and walls, 1.12
        color-shifting paint, 6.109
        corrugated road, 1.185, 1.185
        crushed, 1.229 
        dashboard cooking, 4.97
        downforce (aerodynamics), 2.1, 2.1
        drafting, 2.2
        dragster starts, 1.151
        dragster tire distortion, 1.151
        electrostatics, 5.9
        escape from submerged vehicle, 2.189
        fire at fuel stop, 5.9, 5.9
        fog lights, yellow versus normal, 6.51
        ground effect (aerodynamics), 2.1, 2.1
        Gurney flap (aerodynamics), 2.1, 2.1
        grid lock, 1.2
        heating in closed, 4.84, 4.84
        ice and snow sliding, 1.202 
        ice, rescue from, 1.261
        illusion of anamorphic traffic sign, 6.77
        Johnson, Junior, 2.2
        jumps, 1.81
        Knight Rider stunt (car into truck), 1.202        
        land speed record, 1.87
        lightning strike to, 5.35.3
        mirror blind spots, 6.746.74
        moose, collision with, 1.2151.215        
        negative lift (negative lift), 2.1, 2.1
        obstacle in road, turn or stop, 1.152
        oil stain pattern on road, 2.151
        one-wheel vehicle gyroscope stabilized, 1.219
        pedestrian throw in collisions, 1.215
        phantom accidents, lingering traffic complications after accidents, 1.3
        polarized light reveals stress patterns in rear window, 6.129
        rain on rear window, 1.1
        Reliant Robin, 3 wheel car, highly unstable, 1.239
        remote opener, using your head as, 5.64
        removing car from ice covered lake, Russian technique, 1.261
        road noise, musical, 3.88
        shock wave in traffic along highway, 1.87
        sickness and infrasound in a car ride, 3.74
        skidding and sliding, 1.7-1.9, 1.202
        skid marks, 1.8, 1.9
        slingshot pass in racing, 2.2
        slipstreaming, 2.2
        sound barrier, exceeding, 1.87
        sparking at fuel stop, 5.9, 5.9
        spin out, 1.6, 1.6 
        starting on a slippery road, 1.175
        stopping on ice, 1.202
        submerged, escape from underwater, 2.189
        supersonic 
              danger of wheel explosion, 1.87
              shock wave and sonic boom, 6.28
        surfing, riding on top of car, 1.199
        Thrust SSC
               land speed record, 1.87
               shock wave and sonic boom, 6.28

        tire
               balancing, 1.176
               explosions, 4.114
               squealing, 3.42       
        traffic platoons, 1.2
        traffic shock waves, 1.3
        trailing distance, minimum safe, 1.4
        turns, race-car, 1.15
        upside-down car as in Men in Black, 2.1
        washboard roads, 1.185, 1.185
        wet road darkness, 6.52
        wheel's blurry appearance when rotating, 1.247
        wheel explosion, danger of, at high speed, 1.87
        whiplash injury in rear-end collision, 1.14
        windshield
              driver thrown through 1.253
              light streaks, 6.1066.106
              multiple reflections, 6.106
              potato rubbing as replacement for wiper, 2.98
              reflection of dashboard obscuring front view, 6.63
              stress pattern made visible with polarized light, 6.129
         yellow fog lights, 6.51
         yellow traffic light, running through, 1.5
Carbon dioxide
        freezing with, 4.31
        Lake Nyos, lethal eruption, 2.55
Carbonated drinks, sudden freezing, 4.24, 4.24
Cardboard, white becoming dark, 6.69
Cards
        falling, 2.11, 2.11
        throwing (as weapons), 2.10, 2.10
Carnival
        bottle swing game, 1.177
        Cannon Ball Richards, stopping cannonball with stomach, 1.46
        flea circus, 1.200, 1.200
        human cannonball, 1.32
        juggling, 1.25
        pouring tea on rotating platform, Coriolis force, 1.242
        sword swallowing, 6.87
Carroll, Lewis, falling into deep hole like Alice in Wonderland, 1.141
Carrying a load
         on head, 1.117
         on oscillating poles, 1.118
Cartesian diver with ketchup pack, pub trick, 2.172
Cartoon, MIT, 4.99
Cat 
        charged, electrostatics, 5.8
        chimney climb, 1.60 
        dead-cat bomb (prank), 4.31
        eye reflections in the dark, 7.17
        falling
              long fall, 1.511.51
              twisting, 1.97, 1.97

Catapult
         mushroom launch, 2.99
         siege machine, 1.31
Cataract, Monet and impressionism, 7.10
Catastrophe theory, optical, focused light patterns, 6.98
Caterpillars, blue color due to scattering by surface filaments, 6.115
Cathedral, see Church below
Caulfield, Patrick, art, 7.54
Caustics, optical, focused light patterns, 6.98
Cave
        acoustics, 3.66, 3.66
        air flow, 4.92
        stalactite formation, 2.84
Cavitation
        blood pressure measurement sounds, 3.49
        knuckle cracking, 3.48
        plumbing rumbling, 3.47
        shrimp killing prey with cavitation sound waves, 3.50
Cell phone
        fire at fuel station, 5.95.9
        heating and popping popcorn (fake video), 4.101
        inside guitar recording string vibrations in weird way, 3.94 
        lightning danger, 5.2
Celt stones, stones that will rotate in only one direction, 1.109
Cereal,
      Cheerios effect, grains attracted by surface tension, 2.85, 2.85
              video, demonstration
      magnetic effects of iron-fortified cereal, 5.43, 5.43
      sounds when eaten, 3.53, 3.53
Chain collision
      car-car collisions, 1.202
      
baseball on top of basketball, 1.43, 1.44
      pendulum-pendulum collisions, 1.42
Chain siphon, chain siphoned from container, 2.41
Chair balancing on cliff edge, 1.239
Chair jerking prank, 1.166
Chakraborty, S., falling through hole through Earth's center,  1.141
Chalkboard, fingers scrapping, 3.42

Champagne
         ascending from a tunnel after drinking, 4.72
        
bubbles
              formation and motion, 2.76
              bursting patterns, 2.77
              paths, 2.123
         cork projectile motion, 1.225
         raisin motion, pub trick, 2.177
         sounds, 3.84
Charging, electric, 5.8-5.15

Charged by walking, 5.8
Charles Taylor's gyroscope vehicle, 1.219
Cheerios
effect, surface tension clustering, 2.85, 2.85

         video, demonstration
Cheerleader horns, acoustic diffraction, 3.21

Cheshire cat effect, 7.20
Chichen Itza, Mayan pyramid, musical echo from steps, 3.65
Chimney climb by rock climbers and cats, 1.60, 1.60
Chimney, falling, 1.69, 1.69

Chimney plumes, 4.75
Chinese earthquake, distant sloshing of pond, 2.67, 2.67
Chinese totems, 1.239
Chinooks (wind warmed by increased air pressure), 4.87

Children dying in closed cars, 4.84
Chladni figures of sand on vibrating plate, 2.141, 2.141
Chris Fogg, almost sucked through airplane window, 2.158
Christmas Story, movie, tongue frozen onto metal pole, 4.26
Christmas
         dark triangle between reflecting spheres, 6.68
         ornament, reflection effect, 7.28, 7.28
         tree lights, blue weakens quickly with distance, 6.17, 6.17
Church
         echoes, 3.61
         incense swing, 1.114, 1.114
         meridian, obelisk, moving spot of light, 6.23
         sound from confessional focused by reflections, 3.62
         whispering gallery, St. Paul's Cathedral, 3.63
         window glass flow, 2.57
Churchill, Winston,, iceberg aircraft carrier, 2.160
Cicadas, sounds, 3.14

Cigarette smoke, colors, 6.153

Circular motion
         egg, hard-boiled versus fresh, 1.107, 1.107
         motorcycle Ball of Death, 1.211
         pizza toss, 1.222
         rattlebacks, 1.109, 1.109
         tops
               inverting, 1.106, 1.106
               normal, 1.104
         tour jete, ballet, 1.100
         truck, fast turning, unstable, 1.239
         Wheel of Death, 1.205
Circus acts,
         aerial acrobat, first quadruple somersault, 1.98
         balancing rods, 1.238
         Cannonball Richards, catching cannonball in stomach, 1.46
         Cirque du Soleil, 1.205
         clown car, 1.237
         flea circus, 1.200, 1.200
         human cannonball, 1.32
         juggling, 1.25
         lasso acts, 1.84
         loop-the-loop acts, 1.20, 2.1
         motorcycle Ball of Death, 1.211
         swinging, 1.113
         sword swallowing, 6.87
         tightrope walking, 1.91
         tomahawk acts, 1.29
         unicycle, 1.116 
         Wheel of Death, 1.205 
Cirque du Soleil, The Wheel of Death, 1.205
City
         building aerodynamics, 2.5
         colors
                brown haze, 6.16
                distant city, 6.17, 6.17
               
red haze,  6.17
          heat island, 4.85

Civil War sounds, American, acoustic shadows, 3.19, 3.19

Clarke, Arthur C.,  mirror death of football referee, 6.82, 6.82

Cleopatra, 2.165
Click beetle, energy source for leap into air, 1.40

Climbing,
         rock, 1.60, 1.61, 1.60, 1.243
         stairs, on head, 1.254
Clinging, snakes and rock climbers on vertical walls, 1.243
Closet, physics to do in a
         light flashes from wintergreen mints, 5.19, 5.19
         light from peeled adhesive tape, 5.17
         reading in the dark, 7.15, 7.15
         trailing ghost light, 7.16

Clothing
         Bedouins black robes in hot regions, cooling effect, 4.59
         coat warmth, 4.56
         silk-on-silk moire patterns, 7.12
Cloud bows, atmospheric optics, 6.127

Cloud maps, maps in the sky, 6.20

Cloud streets, long thin lines, long horizontal vortexes, 2.138

Cloud-contrast bow, atmospheric optics, 6.10

Clouds
        brightness, 6.58
        contrail, 6.127
        iridescent, 6.49
        nacreous (mother of pearl), 6.144
        noctilucent (luminous night clouds), 6.59
        polarization sunglasses, appearance, 6.143
        red, 6.6
        silver lining, 6.58
Clown car physics, 1.237
Coal fire and burnt rocks, 5.51
Coals, walking on, 4.8
Coanda effect, fluid hugging curved surface
       bombardier beetle, 2.50, 2.50

       kitchen, 2.50, 2.50
       pub tricks, 2.50
Coat warmth, 4.56

Cocktail-party effect, 3.27, 3.27

Coffee,
       bad coffee, appearance, 2.87
       cookie dunking, 2.95
       cooling rates, 4.60
       cup vortex, 2.24
       drinking hot, 4.42
       heated in hot sand, 4.115
       mug acoustics, 3.40
              video of me, Cleveland State University
       patterns on surface, 2.90
       percolators, 4.51
       sloshing, controlling, 2.199
       stain patterns, 2.91, 2.91
Coin 
     balancing, 1.239
     dropped from tall building, 1.112
     hidden by water, 6.84
     rattling, pub trick, 4.103
     removing, 1.230
     stacking, 1.239
     through small opening, 1.246
     wobbling, 1.110

Cold welding, friction, 1.571.57
Collisions
      ball bouncing, strange, 1.76, 1.77
      basketball-baseball, shot like a rocket, 1.43, 1.44
      big-horn sheep, 1.10
      boxing, 1.46     
      bullet-block, 1.267
      Cannonball Richards, catching cannonball with stomach, 1.46
      camel-car, 1.215, 1.215
      cars on ice, 1.202
      cars, shops, walls, 1.12
     
cat in long fall, 1.511.51 
     
chain, 1.42-1.44
      driver thrown through windshield, 1.253
      feline high-rise syndrome, 1.51    
      football headers, brain damage, 1.241
      head-on collision
              cars, 1.12
              trains, 1.13
      high speed, 1.12
      jet airplane into wall, 1.12
      karate, 1.45, 1.45
              video, calculations
      moose-car, 1.2151.215
      Nike football commercial, 1.78
      ships, 1.263
      tae-kwon-do punch, 1.45, 1.45
             video, calculations
      window cleaner fall, 1.49
      woodpecker striking tree, 1.10
Colloidal suspensions, 5.37

Colored rings 
       frosty window corona, 6.48
       glory around your head's shadow, 6.46
       misty bathroom mirrors, 6.110
       Sun and Moon corona, 6.47

Color-shifting paint,  6.119, 6.119
Columnar joint, polygonal fracture patterns, Giant's Causeway, 1.143
Combustion by sparking
        air-borne powder, 5.11
        fuel station, 5.9
        Hindenburg disaster, 5.15
        hospital gurney acting as a capacitor, 5.16
        race car pit stop, 5.9
        surgery, 5.8

Compound eye, 6.117, 6.117
Concert
        See also Music
        classical
              acoustics
                    hall, 3.61
                    orchestral pit, 3.61
              soprano singing, 3.4
              violin bowing, 3.34
              violin flashing, 3.35
        rock
              amplifier distortion, 5.45
              dance floor oscillations, 1.124
              electric guitar, 5.44
              head banging, retinal detachment, 1.11
              hearing loss due to loud noise, 3.30
              Hendrix rewrapping the electric pickups, 5.44
              laser scanning of audience, 6.164
              stroboscopic induced visual patterns, 7.7
Conch shell sounds, 3.36

Concorde aircraft length change due to heating 4.53
Concorde aircraft, radiation exposure, cosmic rays, 7.46
Concrete
        pervious, 2.184
        strength test, 1.277
Condensation
        dunking bird
               normal, 4.62
               pumping water with large birds, 4.63
        lizard rain harvesting, 2.82
        on eyeglasses, 2.92, 4.66

        on mirrors, 2.92, 4.65

Construction crane accidents, 1.206
Contact electrification, 5.8 – 5.14

Contraction, thermal, 4.53
Contrail, airplane,
        colors, 6.143
        formation, 2.20
        heiligenschein association, 6.44
Contrast illusion, 6.50
Cook, James, visual blister effect, Venus transit across Sun, 7.27

Cookie dunking, correct way for, 2.95

Cooking
         campfire, 4.46
         eggs
               boiling, 4.4
               scrambled, 4.50
         heat pipe, 4.64
         meat colors, 4.45
         microwave cooking and dangers, 4.48, 4.48
         pizza, 4.47
         potato, nails and heat pipes, 4.64
         sidewalk and dashboard, 4.97
         stove or over flames, 4.45, 4.46, 4.50

Cooling rates
        coffee, 4.60
        hot and warm water, 4.12, 4.12

Coriolis force
        Big Bertha, German long range artillery 1.136
        Falkland Islands long range artillery, 1.136
        falling through Earth's center, 1.141
       
pouring tea on a rotating platform, 1.242
Cork, removing from wine bottle
        plastic bag, 1.213
        shoe used in slamming bottle, 2.196
Cornfield, sounds, 3.75

Coreneal nipples, 6.117, 6.117
Corn-starch solution
         oscillation behavior, 2.58
         polygonal fracturing while drying, 1.1431.143
        
viscosity behavior, 2.58, 4.89
         walking across, 2.58

Corona
        atmospheric, color bands around Sun and Moon , 6.47
        electric, 5.21

        frosty glass, 6.48

Corrugated 
        road, 1.185, 1.185
        tubes, sounds from, 3.39
Cosmic radiation, 7.46
"Cosmic Zoom" a powers of ten movie, 6.163 
Coughing, sound, 3.60

Counterfeiting,
          color-shifting inks, 6.119, 6.119
          optically variable devices (they are not holograms), 6.109
Cow magnets, 5.43

Cow tipping, 1.266
Crack networks, Giant's Causeway, polygonal, 1.143, 1.143

Cracking knuckles, sound production, 3.48

Cracks and cracking
        balloon, 1.212
        cornstarch polygonal patterns, 1.143, 1.143
        Giant's Causeway polygonal patterns, 1.143, 1.143
        mud, 4.68

Crane, construction accidents, 1.206
Credit card optical displays (they are not holograms), 6.109
Cricket, bowling in game of, 2.17

Crickets, chirps, 3.12, 3.13
Criss Angel, magic
        floating between buildings, 1.210
        walking on water, 6.89
Crocodiles
        death roll, angular momentum, 1.209
        floating adjustment with stomach stones, 2.49

        vision, 7.18

Cross waves (edge waves, perpendicular to paddle), 2.71

Crown fires, 4.81

Crown flash (reflection by cloud ice crystals), 6.27

Crude noises, 3.93
Crumpling paper, 1.145, 1.229
Crystal skull, 1.208
Culvert whistler, 3.77, 3.77
Curie point, 5.51
Curling, sport of, 1.90

Currency, color-shifting inks, 6.109
Current, electric, effect on people, 5.23

Current crowding, danger of in people, 5.25

Currents, induced, 5.50
Curtain of death, rock curtain thrown up by meteorite impact, 1.37

 


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